After performing a thorough range of PSD to WordPress theme conversion services, we thought it was most opportune for us to discuss about WordPress theme customization and how easily, in a matter of about 10-15 minutes tops one can customize the WordPress theme and give it bespoke appeal.
Hence, the child theme is one which functions and executes itself just like the parent theme, only with a certain level of differentiation, which you specify in the process of WordPress theme customization.
Suppose you use the original theme and make certain changes in the theme, perhaps change the way the posts are being displayed, make certain tweaks in the sidebar etc. Then you login to your admin dashboard and there is a new update to the theme waiting to greet you. All excited, you click on the update section and POOF!!
All the time and the effort you dedicated towards customizing the theme previously are now gone, since the update easily overwrote, all of those changes.
However, using a child theme gives you the liberty to update the theme as and when you like and yet keep the changes which you spend so much time making, safe and secure. And you may require new changes when the update comes, but at least you will be much better off than having to start from the scratch.
How to Customize a WordPress Theme with the Child Theme.
Let us call the original theme – Parent theme, and let us assume it to be residing in /WP-content/themes/ directory. We have used the default and much hyped Twenty Twelve themes of WordPress to create a child theme from. In order to create a child theme, we are required to create a new directory for the child. Let us keep it alongside ‘Twenty Twelve themes’ and assign it a new name – twentytwelve-child.
Wordpress Theme Customization Api :Follow through the below mentioned instructions to give a valid name to the child theme in the style.css file:
|Child Theme Directory|
Theme Name: Twenty Twelve Child
Theme URI: http://wp.tutsplus.com/
Description: Child theme for Twenty Twelve
Author URI: http://wp.tutsplus.com/author/japh
Let us consider the two important sections of this process:1. Template – The ‘twentytwelve’ enables WordPress to know that the theme is actually a child theme of ‘Twenty Twelve’
2. @import url("../twentytwelve/style.css"); – which assumes the responsibility of loading the style.css of the parent theme, which is twentytwelve in our example. Although this line isn’t really a prerequisite in validating the child theme, but you would want to use it both, as a best practice and especially while making small modifications in the theme.
Now when you login to your WordPress dashboard, you will see a child theme over there; you may want to activate it.
However, the process has one exception that you need to be aware of. The functions.php file of the child theme is loaded prior to that of the parent theme, hence you need not copy those, and just get started with the child theme on its own.
This way it is ensured that the child theme functionality of their own, and still have the functions of the parent theme. Also, by making the functions of the Parent theme pluggable, the developers (ahem, you!) can easily override them as well.
Understanding Pluggable functions
A pluggable function is one that takes into account whether the function exists previously, prior to defining it. Thus, when a function is defined by the child theme, no conflict is done by the parent theme.
And End note
This was the basis of customizing a WordPress theme. To register a unique presence with the users, consider opting for professional PSD to WordPress theme customization, wherein a beautiful and the enigmatic WordPress theme will be created out of the design file while the team of skilled and professional experts ensure that the website possess robust functionalities and winsome features.